A contraction is a short word made from one or two words. Usually, one of the words is a verb. An apostrophe is used in place of the missing letters. For example, we shorten "I am" to "I'm". The apostrophe takes the place of the letter "a". This makes English flow better when we speak or write. Another example is changing "you are" to "you're".
Contractions are commonly made with the words:
For example, the word "are" is a tense of the verb, "be". We use it like this:
You are going do do well on the test.
You're going to do well on the test.
Once again, the apostrophe takes the place of the letter, "a".
She will go to the store.
She'll go to the store.
The apostophe takes the place of the letters, "wi".
He is very smart.
He's very smart.
The apostrophe takes the place of the letter, "i".
It is hot today!
It's hot today!
We are going to school.
We're going to school.
What is your name?
What's your name?
When is school going to start?
When's school going to start?
I will be home by 6:00.
I'll be home by 6:00.
They will meet us at the restaurant.
They'll meet us at the restaurant.
You would be a great doctor!
You'd be a great doctor!
We had been planning this trip for a long time.
We'd been planning this trip for a long time.
Who has studied for the test?
Who's studied for the test?
Click here for a list of contractions.
Learn English by playing these games on contractions:
Type in the contractions
Click here for worksheets: